Wikiquote:User access levels
To show a user's access, different flags are given to dp different tasks on Wikipedia. These flags are given to your account. Some are given automatically, and others must be given manually. A user with a flag is said to belong to that flag's 'user group', giving them certain rights and the access to certain features of the MediaWiki software.
User groups and privileges
- Editors in this group are in the '*' group.
All visitors to the site are potential editors who have not created an account. These editors, and some editors who have created an account but are not logged in, may read all Wikipedia pages (except special pages used by administrators). They may create new pages, and edit pages that are not protected.
A user who edits through an account they have registered, may e-mail other users if they activate an email address in their user preferences. All logged-in users may mark edits as minor. They may purge pages without a confirmation step, but are still required to answer a CAPTCHA when adding external links. They may also customize their Wikimedia interface and its options as they wish, via Special:Preferences and their monobook.
Users automatically get access into the Autoconfirmed/Established users group when their account is four days old.
- All logged-in users are also part of the 'user' group.
A number of actions on the English wikipedia are restricted to user accounts which pass certain thresholds for age and editcount: users which meet these requirements are considered part of the pseudo-group autoconfirmed. Autoconfirmed status is checked every time the user performs a restricted action: consequently, it is granted automatically by the software and cannot be removed. The precise requirements for autoconfirmed status varies according to circumstances: for most users on en.wiki, accounts which are more than 4 days old and have made at least 10 edits are considered autoconfirmed.
Autoconfirmed status is required to move pages and edit semi-protected pages.
- See also: Wikiquote:Administrators
Administrator (also known as "sysops" (system operators)) rights are granted by the community to users requesting them. Users who are members of the 'administrator' user group have access to the page deletion, page protection, blocking and unblocking buttons, the ability to edit protected pages, the mediawiki interface, and the ability to grant and remove rollback and ipblock-exempt rights to other users. For a list of admins, please see Special:Listusers/sysop.
- See also: Wikiquote:Bureaucrats
Bureaucrat rights are granted by the community to trusted users who have already become admins. They have more access to Special:UserRights, letting them to add users to the 'sysop' (or use Special:MakeSysop) and 'bureaucrat' groups (but not remove them), and can add or remove users from the 'bot' user group. They may also use Special:RenameUser to rename users (including themselves). For a list, please see Special:Listusers/bureaucrat.
- See also: meta:Steward
Stewardship is an elected role, and stewards are appointed globally across all Wikimedia Foundation wikis.
Users who are members of the 'steward' user group may grant and revoke any permission to or from any user on any wiki operated by the Wikimedia Foundation. This group is set on MetaWiki, and may use meta:Special:Userrights to set permissions on any wikimedia wiki; they may add or remove any user from any group. Stewards generally act only when there is no user on a particular wiki that can make the necessary change. This includes granting of the 'administrator' or 'bureaucrat' access levels on wikis which do not have any local bureaucrats, and removing such flags if the user resigns or the account is acting maliciously. Stewards are also responsible for granting and revoking access levels such as 'oversight' and 'checkuser', as no other group is capable of making such changes.
Stewards can also act as checkusers or oversighters on wikis which do not have local members of those groups. If a wiki has a passing need for an edit to be oversighted, for instance, a steward can add themselves to the 'oversight' user group on that wiki, perform the necessary oversight activity using Special:HideRevision, and then remove themselves from the 'oversight' group using their steward rights.
All steward actions are logged at meta:Special:Log/rights. See meta:Special:Listusers/steward for a list of users in this group.
There are other flags on Wikimedia wikis. Rollback is a user group that allows users in the 'rollbacker' group to quickly revert a non-constructive edit. Rollback is not enabled on Wikiquote at this time. Checkuser and Oversight are restricted to stewards. Checkuser can find the IPs of a user, and also find if there is more than one user on an IP (in cases of sock puppetry). Oversight is used to permanently hide changes on Wikiquote, in cases which may violate a user's privacy. Stewards can grant themselves these rights temporarily, and then remove them again when they are done.
Importers and Transwiki
Transwiki and Importers are unused flags which give permissions on Special:Import. Although Mediawiki software provides the ability to import articles directly from XML, this is disabled on en.wikipedia as well as most other Wikimedia wiki projects. On en.wikipedia, these flags would only allow access to a disabled page, so they are unused.
For more information on the Import function, see Help:Import on Meta.
- See also: w:Wikipedia:Bots
Accounts used by approved bots to make pre-approved edits can be flagged as such. Bot accounts are automated or semi-automated, the nature of their edits is well defined, and they will be quickly blocked if their actions vary from their given tasks, so they need less scrutiny than human edits.
For this reason, contributions from accounts with the bot flag ('bot' user group) are not displayed in recent changes or watchlists to users who have opted to hide bot edits. Minor edits made by bot accounts to user talk pages do not trigger the "you have new messages" banner. Bot accounts can query the API in batches of 5,000 rather than 500.
See Special:Listusers/bot for a list of users in this group.
- See also: meta:Developers
There are a number of development areas of some sort to which access is limited, which are not specific to any particular wiki. SVN commit access allows the development version of the MediaWiki software to be modified, toolserver access allows applications to be uploaded to and run on the toolserver, and a small number of people have shell access to the servers on which Wikipedia and the other projects of the Wikimedia Foundation are hosted.
Several of the Wikimedia developers with root access to the wikimedia servers are granted permissions without using the normal approval channels, as the rights they infer are merely safer or more efficient alternatives to modifying the database directly. For instance, Tim Starling, Brion Vibber, Kate and RobH have 'steward' rights although they were not elected.
The 'developer' user group exists on all Wikimedia projects, but it is not usually populated. If a developer needs access to a specific permission on wikipedia, they can assign the permission to the 'developer' group, then add themselves to the group using steward rights. Permissions which have been assigned to the 'developer' group include siteadmin, which enables them to rename users with more than 200,000 edits.
A (usually empty) list of users in the 'developer' group can be found at Special:Listusers/developer
The 'founder' group was created on the English Wikipedia by developer Tim Starling, as a unique group for Jimmy Wales, co-founder of Wikipedia. The group gives Wales full access to Special:UserRights and Special:Makesysop. As Wales is also a steward on Meta, he has the ability to change the user rights of any editor on any wikimedia wiki from meta:Special:UserRights, making the 'founder' group largely a status symbol. However, as "founder actions" are usually of great interest to the local community, and are only relevant to the English Wikipedia, the 'founder' right also has the benefit of allowing Wales' actions to be visible in the en.wiki rights log; actions performed with the steward bit are not visible in that record, but only on the log at metawiki.